El desarrollo que ha tenido la silvicultura vasca en el paisaje de nuestros montes. Los bosques se han trabajado y se han gestionado en los miles de años para responder a las necesidades de nuestra cultura y de nuestro modo de vida. ¿Cómo se han adaptado la gestión pública y la privada? ¿Cómo hemos llegado a la situación lamentable de los pinares de hoy en día? ¿Y el futuro?
The past two centuries of market-driven economic growth has witnessed dramatic increases in human life spans and well-being but also the emergence of unprecedented ecological and social problems, ranging from global warming to growing inequality. The most serious of these challenges affect essential resources such as food, energy, water and ecosystem services.
We introduce the “replicate Earth” ensemble interpretation framework, based on theoretically derived statistical relationships between ensembles of perfect models (replicate Earths) and observations. We transform an ensemble of (imperfect) climate projections into an ensemble whose mean and variance have the same statistical relationship to observations as an ensemble of replicate Earths. We use a ‘perfect model’ approach to test whether this Ensemble Dependence Transformation (EDT) approach can improve 21st century CMIP projections.
A globally sufficient response to climate change will require new models of organization, coalition building, and implementation in which rapid decarbonization at the national level will be rooted in actions initiated by a diverse range of actors. The United States provides a window into how the diversification of climate action across actors can drive changes in emissions.
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