Research

1 ekaina, 2020

BC3 article: Effects of historical land-use change in the Mediterranean environment

During the Holocene (last ~11,700 years), societies have continuously modified the landscape of the Mediterranean Basin through changes in land-use, exerting extraordinary pressures onto the environment and adding variability to the climate. Despite its importance to current land management, knowledge of how past land-use practices have impacted the regional climate of the Basin remains largely in the scientific sphere.
28 apirila, 2020

Liburua “Transición hacia una economía baja en carbono en España”

Funcasek ,BC3 - Basque Centre for Climate Change lankidetzarekin, Espainiako karbono trantsizio baxuari buruzko liburu berria argitaratu du. "Transición hacia una economía baja en carbono" liburua María José Sanz BC3ko zuzendari zientifikoak eta MIkel González-Eguino. BC3ko ikertzaile seniorrak argitaratu dute. FUNCAS irabazi-asmorik gabeko erakunde pribatua da, CECAk sortu eta finantzatua, kapital sozialean egiten dituen inbertsioen esparruan, Espainiako gizarteari mesede egiten dioten jarduerak gauzatzeko, aurrezkiaren kultura sustatzeko eta aurrezki-kutxek komunitateari eskaintzen dizkioten zerbitzuei buruz sentsibilizatzen laguntzeko. Espainiako karbono gutxiko ekonomiarako trantsizioa
24 apirila, 2020

Article “Climate change perception: Driving forces and their interactions”

Public perception of climate change can either facilitate or hinder the implementation of climate policies. This perception is dependent on a number of influencing factors, called drivers, in ways that are still not clearly understood. Our study quantifies the relative strength of drivers of climate change perception, taking into account differences in the social, political, geographical, economic and educational identities of any considered community.
16 apirila, 2020

Article: The long-term restoration of ecosystem complexity

Multiple large-scale restoration strategies are emerging globally to counteract ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss. However, restoration often remains insufficient to offset that loss. To address this challenge, we propose to focus restoration science on the long-term (centuries to millennia) re-assembly of degraded ecosystem complexity integrating interaction network and evolutionary potential approaches. This approach provides insights into eco-evolutionary feedbacks determining the structure, functioning and stability of recovering ecosystems. Eco-evolutionary feedbacks may help to understand changes in the adaptive potential after disturbance of metacommunity hub species with core structural and functional roles for their use in restoration.
14 apirila, 2020

Article: The fate of carbon in a mature forest under carbon dioxide enrichment

Atmospheric carbon dioxide enrichment (eCO2) can enhance plant carbon uptake and growth, thereby providing an important negative feedback to climate change by slowing the rate of increase of the atmospheric CO2 concentration. Although evidence gathered from young aggrading forests has generally indicated a strong CO2 fertilization effect on biomass growth, it is unclear whether mature forests respond to eCO2 in a similar way.
26 martxoa, 2020

BC3 publication: Fresh perspectives for classic forest restoration challenges

Restoration ecology is a young scientific discipline whose limitations can compromise the recovery of ecosystem biodiversity and functions. Specifically for limitations on forest restoration, we first recommend considering measures prior to land use changes to deal with the common lack of efforts to anticipate and plan restoration. Second, we suggest using multiple references in restoration planning to avoid simplified reference characterization, and we advise assessing ecosystem recovery with indicators that better incorporate ecosystem complexity in recovery assessments.
25 martxoa, 2020

Journal Article: Southward re‐distribution of tropical tuna fisheries activity can be explained by technological and management change

There is broad evidence of climate change causing shifts in fish distribution worldwide, but less is known about the response of fisheries to these changes. Responses to climate‐driven shifts in a fishery may be constrained by existing management or institutional arrangements and technological settings. In order to understand how fisheries are responding to ocean warming, we investigate purse seine fleets targeting tropical tunas in the east Atlantic Ocean using effort and sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) data from 1991 to 2017.
20 martxoa, 2020

BC3 Publication: Recuperación de las interacciones entre el haya (Fagus sylvatica) y los hongos ectomicorrícicos 140 años después del fin de la actividad minera

A pesar del rápido crecimiento del uso de la restauración, esta no siempre genera una respuesta a corto plazo en los ecosistemas que garantice la recuperación de su estructura, funciones y servicios. Hasta ahora, la mayoría de los estudios que han evaluado la recuperación de ecosistemas utilizaban métricas que ignoran la complejidad necesaria para estructurar las comunidades de organismos que conforman los ecosistemas.
2 martxoa, 2020

BC3ren artikulu berria Nature Communications aldizkarian “Nazioarteko merkataritzan eraginkorragoa den klima-politika baterantz”

CO2 isurien erantzukizuna ekoizleen eta kontsumitzaileen artean esleitzea gai eztabaidagarria da klima aldaketaren politikan eta ikerketan. Bi kontabilitate metodo nagusi erabiltzen dira literaturan, herrialdeek emisio globalei egiten dieten ekarpena zehazteko. Ekoizpenean oinarritutako kontabilitateak (PBA) herrialde bateko industriek eta etxeek atmosferara askatutako CO2 kopurua neurtzen du. Kontsumoan oinarritutako kontabilitateak (CBA) herrialdearen amaierako produktuen kontsumoari egozten dizkio emisioak. PBA emisioak birbanatzen ditu CBAk, eta beste herrialde bateko emisioak jatorrizko herrialdearen kontsumorako beharrezkoak direla uste du. Bi kontabilitate-esparru horiek egungo CO2 isurien erantzukizuna esleitzeko erabiltzen dira. Ekoizpenaren ardura emisioak zuzenean sortzen dituzten herrialdeei zuzentzen zaie. Kontsumitzailearen erantzukizuna azken batean presioa bultzatzen duten herrialdeei zuzentzen zaie.
6 otsaila, 2020

Bideoa: “Ona eta txarra” Hausnarkariek klima-aldaketa duten eragina

Bideo infografiko hau BC3 - Basque Centre for Climate Changek Madrilgo COP25i egindako ekarpenaren zati gisa ekoitzi da (Espainiaren pabilioia-2019ko abenduaren 5a), H2020 iSAGE proiektuaren barruan. Bideoa grafikoki ilustratzen saiatzen da zergatik hausnarkariek ez duten klima aldaketaren errua. Hainbat argudio daude hausnarkarien metano biogenikoaren emisioen eta erregai fosilen CO2 isurien arteko aldeei, ekoizpen-sistemetan dauden aldeei eta N2O isurketekiko ziurgabetasunei dagokienez, eta hausnarkarien emisioak beste jarduera batzuekin alderatzeko erreferentzia-lerroari dagokionez. Bideoaren ideia eta gidoia Agustin del Pradok (BC3) eta Pablo Manzanok (Helsinkiko Unibertsitatea) garatu dute, Yelena Grigorenkok animatu eta ekoitzi dute eta Elisa Sainz de Murietaren (BC3) off -eko ahotsarekin.




Financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia Innovación y Universidades y la Agencia Estatal de Investigación,
a través de la Convocatoria: Maria de Maeztu 2017 (BOE 21/10/2017) siendo la referencia de nuestro expediente: MDM-2017-0714

©2008 BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change. Excelencia María de Maeztu.


We use cookies of our own and of third parties to improve our services and to be able to offer you, by means of web browsing analysis, the best options. If you continue browsing, we assume that you agree to their use. For further information, please click here.

ACEPTAR
Aviso de cookies