Research by BC3 researchers, Iñaki Arto and Anil Markandya, mentioned in Juncker’s State of the Union address of 13 Sep 2017 “Every additional €1 billion in exports supports 14,000 extra jobs in Europe”


Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, in his State of the Union of 13 September 2017, has referred for the second consecutive year to the report “EU Exports to the World: Effects on Employment and Income” authored by BC3 researchers, Dr. Iñaki Arto and Prof. Anil Markandya.

Jean-Claude Juncker  had already mentioned this report on the previous, State of the Union address, 14 Sep 2016, and stated that the report by “Arto I., Rueda-Cantuche, J.M., Amores, A. F., Dietzenbacher, E., Sousa, N., Montinari and Markandya, A. (2015). “EU Exports to the World: Effects on Employment and Income”.Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Unionis a telling example of research having an impact.

“On 13 September, in his annual State of the Union address, President Jean-Claude Juncker stated: “I want us to strengthen our European trade agenda. Yes, Europe is open for business. But there must be reciprocity. We have to get what we give. Trade is not something abstract. Trade is about jobs, creating new opportunities for Europe’s businesses big and small. Every additional €1 billion in exports supports 14,000 extra jobs in Europe. Trade is about exporting our standards, be they social or environmental standards, data protection or food safety requirements.”

The report aimed to be a valuable tool for trade policymakers. The report features a series of indicators to illustrate in detail the relationship between trade, employment and income for the EU as a whole and for each EU Member State using the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) as the source for the data.

First reference to the report done by Jean-Claude Juncker in 2016:

European Commission – Speech
State of the Union Address 2016: Towards a better Europe – a Europe that protects, empowers and defends
Strasbourg, 14 September 2016

‘Being European […] means being open and trading with our neighbours […]. It means being the world’s biggest trading bloc, with trade agreements in place or under negotiation with over 140 partners across the globe’, said Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, in his State of the Union on 14 September. Juncker thereby explicitly referred to research by (among others) Dr. Arto and Prof. Markandya, when he stated: ‘And trade means jobs – for every €1 billion we get in exports, 14,000 extra jobs are created across the EU. And more than 30 million jobs, 1 in 7 of all jobs in the EU, now depend on exports to the rest of the world.’

Second reference to the report done by Jean-Claude Juncker in 2017:

State of the Union 2017 – Trade Package: Commission unveils initiatives for a balanced and progressive trade policy
Brussels, 13 September 2017

European Commission – Press release
State of the Union 2017 – Trade Package: Commission unveils initiatives for a balanced and progressive trade policy
Brussels, 14 September 2017

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