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The latest IPBES report warns us of ongoing biodiversity collapse. The Ecosystem Services framework suggests that this will seriously affect human well-being. But policy-makers do not seem to respond with any great alacrity to these warnings. Some skeptics even point to rising human well-being as an indication that the claims linking nature and well-being are exaggerated.
I will introduce the framework of leverage points, i.e. places to intervene in a complex system that bring transformative change, to identify interventions that can promote sustainable management of nature’s contributions to people. I will specifically focus on the so called deep leverage points, which have exceptional potential to yield truly transformative change towards sustainability.
BC3 Seminar: Essential Resources, Social Dilemmas and the Evolution of Cooperation: Paths Towards a Just and Sustainable Future
The past two centuries of market-driven economic growth has witnessed dramatic increases in human life spans and well-being but also the emergence of unprecedented ecological and social problems, ranging from global warming to growing inequality. The most serious of these challenges affect essential resources such as food, energy, water and ecosystem services.
El desarrollo que ha tenido la silvicultura vasca en el paisaje de nuestros montes. Los bosques se han trabajado y se han gestionado en los miles de años para responder a las necesidades de nuestra cultura y de nuestro modo de vida. ¿Cómo se han adaptado la gestión pública y la privada? ¿Cómo hemos llegado a la situación lamentable de los pinares de hoy [...]
• In this lecture, I will examine my own role, as a researcher, in advancing a progressive agenda that responds to an urgent climate change challenge. I will explore the tensions between experimental forms of action-research, policy-oriented research, and curiosity-led research and the way in which these different forms of thinking have shaped my research agenda as I have attempted to respond to what I [...]
Climate change mitigation pathways can differ strongly from one to else other, depending on the policy design, technological development or the established climate objectives. Integrated assessment models are able to project countless different climate change mitigation scenarios, allowing to compare the effects that each scenario has on other aspects, such as health, land use, energy security, inequality etc. Moreover, connecting these kind of models [...]
Handwriting is a human attributed characteristic, being widely accepted that the oldest writing dates around 3400 BC. But actually trees “invented handwriting” first … about 390 million years ago when conifer trees appeared, and they have been writing ever since. Each year trees form new wood cells that arrange in concentric circles forming what we call annual tree-rings, which is their way of “handwriting” [...]
Urban systems are not only major drivers of climate change, but also impact hotspots. The processes of global warming and urban population growth make our urban agglomerations vulnerable to chain reactions triggered by climate related hazards. Hence, the reliable and cost-effective assessment of future climate impact is of high importance. Two major approaches emerge from the literature: i) detailed spatially explicit assessments, and ii) [...]
Marcela Brugnach PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Water Engineering and Management group in the Civil Engineering Department of the University of Twente. She has completed doctoral studies in both Bioresource Engineering and Forest Ecology from Oregon State University (USA, 2003), and a masters degree in Computer Science from Universidad Nacional del Centro (Argentina, 1991). After completing her doctoral education, she became a [...]
Generation adequacy is a key ingredient to security of electricity supply. We develop a stochastic model of demand and supply (from different technologies) for measuring it from a physical or technical point of view. We adopt several metrics of supply shortfalls. Next we demonstrate the model by example. Because of limited interconnections with neighboring countries, Spain can be considered an electric island. We [...]