We evaluate the heterogeneous roles of fossil fuel prices on fossil fuel and renewable energy innovation in the electricity sector. Our analysis of a global firm-level electricity patent database from 1963 to 2016 suggests the relative impact of coal and natural gas prices on renewable innovation varies before and after the early 2000s’ shale gas revolution. Specifically, an increase in the coal-natural gas price ratio reduces renewable energy innovation before 2002, while increasing it after 2002. Therefore, policymakers must consider the coal-to-gas switch to effectively shift electricity-generating innovation away from carbon-intense technologies
This infographic video has been produced as part of the BC3- Basque Centre for Climate Change contribution to the COP25 in Madrid (Pabellón España-5th December 2019) and under the H2020 project iSAGE.
The video attempts to graphically illustrate why ruminants are not to be blamed for climate change. Different arguments are shown regarding the differences between emissions from biogenic methane from ruminants and fossil fuel CO2, differences in production systems and the uncertainties regarding N2O emissions and the baseline of reference to compare emissions from ruminants compared with other activities.
The video idea and script have been developed by Agustin del Prado (BC3) and Pablo Manzano (University Of Helsinki), animated and produced by Yelena Grigorenko and voice over by Bosco Lliso (BC3).
Financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia Innovación y Universidades y la Agencia Estatal de Investigación,
a través de la Convocatoria: Maria de Maeztu 2017 (BOE 21/10/2017) siendo la referencia de nuestro expediente: MDM-2017-0714
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