We will present the role that the education should have as a tool for mitigation and adaptation for Climate Change around the world and the challenges that arise for its effective implementation. We review three different aspects of the problem. The first is the role of education as a tool for adaptation and mitigation and the existing gap between expectations and reality. The second is the problems in the Spanish case related to the official curricula and the lack of good materials at the required scale to create a new generation with awarness and deep knowledge of the problem.
Generation adequacy is a key ingredient to security of electricity supply. We develop a stochastic model of demand and supply (from different technologies) for measuring it from a physical or technical point of view. We adopt several metrics of supply shortfalls. Next we demonstrate the model by example. Because of limited interconnections with neighboring countries, Spain can be considered an electric island. We get numerical estimates of the parameters underlying the model.
The latest IPBES report warns us of ongoing biodiversity collapse. The Ecosystem Services framework suggests that this will seriously affect human well-being. But policy-makers do not seem to respond with any great alacrity to these warnings. Some skeptics even point to rising human well-being as an indication that the claims linking nature and well-being are exaggerated.
: This study proposes a novel method to assess the overall economic effects of agricultural droughts using a coupled agronomic-economic approach that accounts for the direct and indirect impacts of this hazard in the economy. This methodology is applied to Italy, where years showing different drought severity levels were analysed. Agricultural drought stress was measured using the fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fAPAR).
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