January 30, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Institutionalizing environmental valuation into policy: Lessons from 7 Indonesian agencies”

Monetary valuation of the environment is increasingly embedded in policy. Despite broad claims that valuation is policy-relevant, there is widespread frustration that it has not widely improved environmental outcomes, that it obscures many other types of values, and presents unintended consequences. We argue that this is, in part, because of a tendency to overlook the mechanics of how valuation tools and data are embedded into the institutions (regulations, norms, rules, schemes) that mediate decision-making.
January 27, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Anthropogenic ecosystem disturbance and the recovery debt”

Ecosystem recovery from anthropogenic disturbances, either without human intervention or assisted by ecological restoration, is increasingly occurring worldwide. As ecosystems progress through recovery, it is important to estimate any resulting deficit in biodiversity and functions. Here we use data from 3,035 sampling plots worldwide, to quantify the interim reduction of biodiversity and functions occurring during the recovery process (that is, the ‘recovery debt’). Compared with reference levels, recovering ecosystems run annual deficits of 46–51% for organism abundance, 27–33% for species diversity, 32–42% for carbon cycling and 31–41% for nitrogen cycling.
January 26, 2017

New Coal-Fired Plants Jeopardise Paris Agreement

Global greenhouse gas emissions need to peak soon and be reduced practically to zero in the second half of this century in order to not exceed the climate targets adopted in the Paris Agreement. However, there are currently numerous coal-fired power stations around the world at different stages of construction and planning that could be completed in the next decade. If all these plants are actually built, their expected future emissions will make it very difficult to reach these targets, even in an optimistic scenario with the deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies. Policy makers around the world need to react quickly and help to redirect investment plans for new coal-fired power stations towards low-carbon technologies
January 18, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Mitigation implications of an ice-free summer in the Arctic Ocean”

The rapid loss of sea ice in the Arctic is one of the most striking manifestations of climate change. As sea ice melts, more open water is exposed to solar radiation, absorbing heat and generating a sea-ice–albedo feedback that reinforces Arctic warming. Recent studies stress the significance of this feedback mechanism and suggest that ice-free summer conditions in the Arctic Ocean may occur faster than previously expected, even under low-emissions pathways.
January 2, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “SIMSWASTE-AD – A modelling framework for the environmental assessment of agricultural waste management strategies: Anaerobic digestion”

On-farm anaerobic digestion (AD) has been promoted due to its improved environmental performance, which is based on a number of life cycle assessments (LCA). However, the influence of site-specific conditions and practices on AD performance is rarely captured in LCA studies and the effects on C and N cycles are often overlooked. In this paper, a new model for AD (SIMSWASTE-AD) is described in full and tested against a selection of available measured data.
December 1, 2016

COP22 in Marrakech confirms worldwide commitment to fighting climate change

New BC3 Policy Briefing launched. "COP22 in Marrakech confirms worldwide commitment to fighting climate change", by Maria Victoria Román, Maria José Sanz Sanchez and Ibon Galarraga.
November 15, 2016

Heat stress effects in milk yield and milk traits at farm scale

November 15, 2016

Indicators for Assessing Habitat Values and Pressures for Protected Areas—An Integrated Habitat and Land Cover Change Approach for the Udzungwa Mountains National Park in Tanzania

Assessing the status and monitoring the trends of land cover dynamics in and around protected areas is of utmost importance for park managers and decision makers. Moreover, to support the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)’s Strategic Action Plan including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets,
November 15, 2016

Revenue Risk of U.S. Tight-Oil Firms

American crude oil prices have dropped significantly of late up to a low of less than $30 a barrel in early 2016. At the same time price volatility has increased and crude in storage has reached record amounts in America. Low oil prices in particular pose quite a challenge for the survival of America’s tight-oil industry.
November 15, 2016

BC3 Journal Article “Simple or complicated agent-based models? A complicated issue”

Agent-based models (ABMs) are increasingly recognized as valuable tools in modelling human-environmental systems, but challenges and critics remain. One pressing challenge in the era of “Big Data” and given the flexibility of representation afforded by ABMs, is identifying the appropriate level of complicatedness in model structure for representing and investigating complex real-world systems.

Financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia Innovación y Universidades y la Agencia Estatal de Investigación,
a través de la Convocatoria: Maria de Maeztu 2017 (BOE 21/10/2017) siendo la referencia de nuestro expediente: MDM-2017-0714

©2008 BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change. Excelencia María de Maeztu.

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