March 27, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “The climatic dependencies of urban ecosystem services from green roofs: Threshold effects and non-linearity”

This paper proposes a methodology for quantifying benefits and costs of extensive green roofs as an urban strategy for adaptation to climate change. It seeks to highlight the consequences of threshold effects in the delivery of the benefits and non-linearity with respect to green roof coverage.
March 25, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “The importance of regret minimization in the choice for renewable energy programmes: Evidence from a discrete choice experiment”

This study provides a methodologically rigorous attempt to disentangle the impact of various factors – unobserved heterogeneity, information and environmental attitudes – on the inclination of individuals to exhibit either a utility maximization or a regret minimization behaviour in a discrete choice experiment for renewable energy programmes described by four attributes: greenhouse gas emissions, power outages, employment in the energy sector, and electricity bill.
March 15, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “The Determinants of Brownfields Redevelopment in England”

This paper uses discrete choice models, supported by GIS data, to analyse the National Land Use Database, a register of more than 21,000 English brownfields—previously used sites with or without contamination that are currently unused or underused. Using spatial discrete choice models, including the first application of a spatial probit latent class model with class-specific neighbourhood effects, we find evidence of large local differences in the determinants of brownfields redevelopment in England and that the reuse decisions of adjacent sites affect the reuse of a site.
March 10, 2017

BC3 Journal Articles “La COP22 de Marrakech confirma el compromiso mundial con la lucha contra el cambio climático”

New BC3 Journal Article published: "Roman De Lara, M.V., Sanz Sanchez, M.J. y Galarraga Gallastegui, I. 2017. La COP22 de Marrakech confirma el compromiso mundial con la lucha contra el cambio climático. Dyna. 92. (2) 133-135"
March 7, 2017

Valuing nature’s contributions to people: the IPBES approach

A new paper published in the journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, and led by Unai Pascual (Ikerbasque Research Professor at BC3) and member of the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) synthesizes the vision by IPBES about the values of nature’s contributions to people (NCP) for a good quality of life.
February 28, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Historical Energy Price Shocks and their Changing Effects on the Economy”

The purpose of this paper is to identify the changes in the impact of energy shocks on economic activity — with an interest in assessing if an economy's vulnerability and resilience to shocks improved with economic development. Using data on the United Kingdom over the last three hundred years, the paper identifies supply, aggregate demand and residual shocks to energy prices and estimates their changing influence on energy prices and GDP.
February 28, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Strategies for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in Mediterranean agriculture: A review”

An integrated assessment of the potential of different management practices for mitigating specific components of the total GHG budget (N2O and CH4 emissions and C sequestration) of Mediterranean agrosystems was performed in this study. Their suitability regarding both yield and environmental (e.g. nitrate leaching and ammonia volatilization) sustainability, and regional barriers and opportunities for their implementation were also considered.
February 28, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “The ACER pollen and charcoal database: a global resource to document vegetation and fire response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period”

Quaternary records provide an opportunity to examine the nature of the vegetation and fire responses to rapid past climate changes comparable in velocity and magnitude to those expected in the 21st-century. The best documented examples of rapid climate change in the past are the warming events associated with the Dansgaard–Oeschger (D–O) cycles during the last glacial period, which were sufficiently large to have had a potential feedback through changes in albedo and greenhouse gas emissions on climate.
February 27, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Soil heterotrophic CO 2 emissions from tropical high-elevation ecosystems (Páramos) and their sensitivity to temperature and moisture fluctuations”

Increasing temperatures and changes in the intensity and frequency of precipitations may impact the ability of tropical high-elevation Andean ecosystems (Páramos) to store and retain carbon (C). We, therefore, examined how warming and fluctuations in soil moisture could influence soil CO2 emissions from heterotrophic respiration (RH, the result of microbial respiration), of two Páramos of contrasting climatic regimes within their area of distribution.
February 27, 2017

BC3 Journal Article “Orchard and horticulture systems in Spanish Mediterranean coastal areas: Is there a real possibility to contribute to C sequestration?”

Agriculture in the Mediterranean basin is currently contributing to greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and in the future is expected to be strongly affected by climate change. Increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) via soil organic matter (SOM) improvement is widely regarded as a way to both mitigate and adapt to climate change. Using as a case study the Mediterranean coastal area in Spain, which is regarded as one of the most intensively managed areas in Europe for orchards and horticultural cropping, we analyzed the potential for climate change mitigation of introducing different practices that are expected to increase SOC.