Urbanization is a major driver of global ecological changes. At the same time, ecological dynamics have a substantial impact on urban residents, which includes more than half of the worldwide population. To explore the reciprocal interactions between urbanization and ecological processes I use the Los Angeles, USA megacity region as a case study.
Climate change is caused by human activities, the human dimension is an obvious place to look to find solutions. Yet between 1990 and 2018, social science research received only 0.12% of global research funding into climate change (Overland and Sovacool, 2020). Where they are supported, social sciences and humanities are often placed in service to the research and practice agendas of physical sciences (Kania and Bucksch, 2020). Such under-representation is perpetuated, and carried into the policy and practice arena (Royston and Foulds, 2020), for example through IPCC (Lahsen and Turnhout, 2021).
Urban health research has greatly improved in quality, quantity, and depth over the past 20 years. Just in the last decade, we have seen a large increase in publications, scientific journals, conferences, books, and courses. This growth highlights the fact that there is a large and growing amount of knowledge that could be translated into policies to improve population health and reduce health inequities in cities worldwide.
Transformation Laboratories or T-Labs for short are participatory and innovation processes to foster social-ecological changes towards more sustainable pathways. The idea of transformations is a response to incremental adaptation strategies that aim at maintaining business-as-usual. In my presentation I will talk about my experience as part of the T-Lab project in the urban wetland of Xochimilco, in México city.
GLobal BIOsphere Management model (GLOBIOM, Havlík et al. 2014), developed at IIASA is a global economic land use model covering the sectors of agriculture, forestry and bioenergy. GLOBIOM can be used to explore various trade-offs and synergies around land use, ecosystem services and socio-economic objectives.
Global economic and integrated assessment models are useful for understanding human-earth system dynamics under climate change. The agriculture and land use (AgLU) system is an essential component of integrated assessment, as it connects to energy, macroeconomics, and GHG emissions, and is relevant to key areas such as food security, biodiversity, and land-based mitigation measures.
El proyecto ARIES de BC3 organiza una mesa redonda presencial el 25 de septiembre en Bilbao bajo el título “Inteligencia artificial, ética y democracia: retos y oportunidades” con la participación del Instituto de Gobernanza Democrática (Globernance), el Basque Artificial Intelligence Centre (BAIC) e Ikerbasque.
Energy transitions are underway everywhere simultaneously, or so one wants to think. They are in fact resisted vigorously, reshaped surreptitiously, and stripped of meaning altogether upon closer examination in unfortunately many circumstances. The urgent need for rapid action imbues large powerful actors with deep pockets with greater ability to wrest control of processes labelled energy transitions, while more inclusive, democratic, locally situated approaches cause barely an occasional flutter if measured in capital investments and gigawatt hours of clean energy production and fossil fuel displacement.