“Three strategies used in Cantabria promote nature restoration and fight climate change”
On World Environment Day, the Environmental Hydraulics Institute of the University of Cantabria ‘IHCantabria’, coordinator of the European Project ALICE, and the Basque Center for Climate Change (BC3), show how Blue and Green Infrastructure Networks (BGINs) can prevent natural disasters while assuring the provision of ecosystem services
(Santander/Bilbao 5th of June, 2020) In celebration of the 46th anniversary of Environment Day, on June 5th, 2020, IHCantabria underlines the importance of adopting integrated landscape management strategies to preserve biodiversity, fight climate change and reduce public health risks. Aligned with the ongoing European project ALICE purpose, prevention can and should be based on natural solutions. BC3, the partner leading the modelling effort, in collaboration with IHCantabria, is integrating environmental and socio-economic variables in an ecosystem services multi modelling platform to provide decision makers an easy and reliable tool for measuring impacts and nature-based investment opportunities.
In Spain, the work on the region of Cantabria highlighted three urgent issues pointed out by key players on the field. As demonstrative examples, this region has been suffering from more frequent and intense floods in the downstream Reinosa city, uncontrolled fires in inner areas of Cantabria and increasing soil erosion in Monte Corona. These issues have implications on the river water flow and its ecosystems regulation functions which impacts are exacerbated by the increasing trend to replace native forests with monocultures for timber exploitation, a widespread activity in the area, and recurrent fire events that affect mainly shrubs and pastureland across the region.
At a time when the European Commission presented the European Ecological Pact, recognizing the importance of a new EU strategy for greener and more sustainable growth and after the UN declared the next decade as the Decade for the Restoration of Ecosystems, enhancing a more effective effort against the impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss, the ALICE project, which aims to improve the management of Atlantic landscapes, enhances the use of nature-based solutions to improve ecosystem services and biodiversity.
To this end, it counts on the provision of tools to promote the implementation of Blue and Green Infrastructure Networks (BGINs), such as the ones already implemented in the area of Cantabria:
For each of these strategies a video has been made by IHCantabria to illustrate the interventions and key actors, as Government of Cantabria, investigators from University of Cantabria and EPRIF technicians.
In the context of Global Change, it is widely accepted that forests play an important role in the mitigation effects of global warming and the fixation of carbon, regulation of river discharge and hydrological stability at a catchment scale and providing a wide variety of ecosystem services. These ecological functions cannot be replaced by current human-made reforestations, which lack multiple steps of ecological succession and disregard biological, physical and chemical soil properties.
Urbanization and other pressures affect the natural hydro morphological condition of water bodies. This has eliminated natural vegetation, increasing the fragmentation of mature forest patches, and, therefore, reducing connectivity and genetic fluxes among populations and leading to the isolation of lands and degradation of natural communities.
The project’s multidisciplinary team is currently developing several models for predicting changes in ecosystem and biodiversity services provision, given the evolution of land use and its capacity to respond to climate change, seeking to understand the benefits generated by the introduction of Blue and Green Infrastructure Networks at the river basin scale.
These models are being integrated in a multi-model platform (k.LAB), developed by BC3 and powering the ARIES approach to ecosystem services. Through its newly developed user interface (k.Explorer) this technology has been made accessible to policy makers, territory managers and all those who want to evaluate the response of ecosystems and the effect on the provision of their services (such as water purification or mitigation of extreme events) and biodiversity. In the face of different scenarios such as climate change, users can foresee the effects Blue and Green Infrastructure Networks in current landscapes as well as under future scenarios of climate and land use change.
Project co-funded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), under the umbrella of INTERREG Atlantic Area. It envolves 11 partners from Spain, Portugal, Northern Ireland, UK and France, including universities, investigation institutes, nacional and local managers, NGOs and SMEs.
The Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) is an international, interdisciplinary research centre for the study of climate change and has its headquarters in Bilbao. It has been promoted by the Basque Government to encourage science and research. The centre’s partners include Ikerbasque, the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country and Ihobe, the Basque Government’s Public Environmental Management Partnership; the centre is one of the BERCs (Basque Excellence Research Centres).